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Grasses, Sedges/Rushes 
& Grass-Like Plants

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

 As with ferns, there are many hundreds of species of grass that grow in many parts of the world. The grass we grow in lawns or in fields as cattle food, although attractive in their own way, cannot compete individually with the ornamental forms grown in flower borders. Ornamental grasses take on many forms, some being only a few centimetres in height, others attaining 2.5 metres. The foliage can be green, blue-green, gold, or silver variegated, blood red, or purple-black. All grasses produce flower heads, many being very large, or colourful. Grasses grown for their flowers prefer a fertile, moist, but well drained soil in sun, whereas many of those with ornamental foliage can still look attractive when grown in half shade. The ornamental sedges and rushes are ideal to plant in wet soils; the taller forms are excellent waterside plants. Grass-like plants such as Ophiopogon, which are evergreen, are useful as ornamental groundcover at the front of borders.

Please bear in mind that the plants listed may not be available at all times of the year. Email enquiries@goscote.co.uk for details of specific plant availability.

A  
Acorus gramineus 'Ogon'   
A dwarf, semi-evergreen perennial with glossy green-striped cream leaves. Excellent waterside plant. Requires a constantly moist soil in sun or part shade. Height 10 to 12 inches.
Acorus gramineus 'Variegatus'   
A dwarf semi-evergreen perennial whose glossy green leaves are striped with cream and yellow. Excellent waterside plant. Requires a fertile, constantly moist soil in sun or part shade. Height from 3 to 12 inches tall.
Alopecurus pratensis 'Aureovariegatus'   
A superb, vigorous Foxtail Grass whose leaves are gaily striped with yellow. Plumes of silvery-brown in summer. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 18 inches.
Alopecurus pratensis 'Aureus'   
A superb, vigorous Foxtail Grass whose leaves are gaily striped with yellow. Plumes of silvery-brown flower spikes are borne from early summer. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 12 inches.
Arundo donax versicolor   
A lovely giant variegated reed whose long green leaves are striped with white. Only suitable for a very warm garden or a large conservatory. Requires a fertile, open soil which does not become dry during the summer months. Height 8 to 12 feet.
B
Briza media    
Low growing tuft forming grass with mid-green leaves and open panicles of violet plumes which dry well. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 1.5 to 2 feet.
C
Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Overdam'   
A very impressive grass, forming a mound of green, striped white leaves which enhances the feathery plumes of flowers. Requires a fertile, moist but well drained soil in sun. Height 3 feet.
Carex buchananii   award
A small evergreen sedge with narrow copper coloured leaves and arching brown flower spikelets. Will grow in most fertile, moist, but not waterlogged soils in sun or part shade. Height 1.5 feet.
Carex comans 'Bronze'   
An evergreen sedge with unusual arching bronze foliage. Will grow in most soils in sun or part shade. Height and spread 2 feet.
Carex comans 'Frosted Curls'   
An evergreen, tuft forming sedge with narrow, arching silvery-green leaves, curled at their tips.  Will grow in most soils in sun or part shade. Height 18 to 24 inches.
Carex comans Red'   
An evergreen sedge with unusual arching bronze foliage. Will grow in most soils in sun or part shade. Height and spread 2 feet.
Carex comans 'Taranaki'   
An evergreen compact sedge with reddish-brown leaves.  Dark brown flowerheads are produced on long stems extending beyond the clump.  Will grow in most well-drained soils in sun or part shade. Height and spread 9 to 12  inches.
Carex elata 'Aurea'  award
A superb evergreen sedge which forms graceful clumps of light golden, grassy foliage. Brown flower heads in midsummer. Will grow in most fertile damp soils and looks at it's best in sun. Height 2 feet.
Carex morrowii 'Variegata'   
An evergreen, tuft forming sedge whose broad, mid-green leaves are striped with white. Will grow in most soils in sun or part shade. Height 12 to 18 inches.
Carex muskingumensis    
A tufted sedge whose yellow-green leaves branch off a central stem giving it a palm-like affect. will grow in most fertile, moist, but well drained soil in sun or part shade. Height 2 feet.
Carex oshimensis 'Evergold'  award
A dwarf tuft forming sedge whose green leaves are striped with gold. Superb edge of border or trough plant. Requires a fertile, welldrained soil in sun. Height 6 to 9 inches.
Carex pendula   award
A large, graceful, tuft forming sedge with arching green leaves and pendulous greenish-brown flower spikes. Will grow in most fertile, moist, but well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 3 feet.
Carex phyllocephala 'Sparkler'   
An outstanding perennial sedge whose broad green and white variegated foliage looks fantastic even in a very wet border. Excellent container plant. Requires a fertile soil and is best grown in part shade. Height 12 inches.
Carex plantaginea    
Clump forming evergren sedge whose broad gren leaves are conspicuously veined. Narrow, pointed flower spikes in May. Will grow in most fertile, moist, but well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 9 inches.
Carex pseudocyperus    
An elegant sedge with narrow, arching, grass-like leaves and weeping tassels of flowers in late May and June. Will grow in most fertile soils in sun or part shade. Height 2 feet.
Carex testacea 'Old Gold'   
A fine leaved evergreen sedge with upright golden bronze foliage. Will grow in most fertile soils in sun or part shade. Colours best in light shade. Height 12 to 18 inches.
Carex testacea    
A tuft forming evergreen sedge whose olive-green leaves are tinted with red. Will grow in most fertile soils in sun or part shade. Height 12 to 18 inches.
Carex  'China Blue'   
A vigorous evergreen grass with blue-green foliage and stems of catkin-like brown flowers in early summer.  Requires a fertile, moist, but not waterlogged soil, in sun or part shade.  Height 3 feet.
Carex  'Ice Dance'   
An outstanding evergreen sedge which is ideal to grow in containers or borders. Broad, green, grass like leaves are edged with white. Will grow in most fertile soils in sun or part shade. Height 12 inches
Carex  'Milk Chocolate'   
A very unusual evergreen sedge with light brown foliage. Spikey seed heads on established plants. Erect when young, but foliage weeps with age. Looks superb when covered with winter frost. Will grow in most fertile, moist but well drained soils in sun. Height 12 inches.
Carex  'Silver Sceptre'   
An outstanding evergreen sedge whose graceful clumps of cream striped leaves contrast well with its brown flower heads. Will grow in most fertile, moist soils and looks at its best in sun. Height 1.5 feet.
Chondropetalum tectorum    
A rush-like evergreen whose deep green stems have attractive chocolate coloured bands.  Long-lasting dark brown seed heads  are produced in summer.  Will grow in most fertile, moist, but well drained soils in sun. Provide frost protection in winter. Height 3 feet.
Cortaderia richardii   award
An elegant New Zealand grass with silvery plumes on 2.5 metre stems in late summer. Clip back old, dead foliage in March. Requires a well drained soil and sun.
Cortaderia selloana 'Alba'   
A vigorous Pampas Grass which during late summer produces large silvery-white plumes. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soil in sun. Height 7 feet.
Cortaderia selloana 'Gold Band'   
A Pampas Grass whose slender evergreen leaves are striped with gold. Tall feathery plumes from August to December.  Requires any well drained soil in sun or partial shade. Height 6 feet.
Cortaderia selloana 'Pink Feather'   
A Pampas Grass which produces pale pink plumes during late summer. Excellent for cut flower arrangements. Requires a fertile, well drained soil and full sun.  Height 7 feet.
Cortaderia selloana 'Pumila'  award
Evergreen, clump forming pampas grass with narrow grey-green leaves, and large long lasting feathery, silver white plumes in late summer. Requires a well drained soil in full sun. Height 6 feet, spread 4 feet.
Cortaderia selloana 'Rendatleri'   
Evergreen, clump forming Pampas Grass with narrow grey-green leaves and large, long lasting feathery, pale pink plumes in late summer. Requires a well drained soil in full sun. Height 7 feet, spread 6 feet.
Cortaderia selloana 'Rosea'   
A vigorous pampas grass which during late summer produces large pale silvery-pink plumes. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soil in sun. Height 7 feet.
Cortaderia selloana 'Senior'   
Evergreen, clump-forming, pampas grass with large clumps of grassy foliage and huge long lasting, feathery panicles of silver plumes in late summer. Requires full sun and well drained soil. Height 6 to 7 feet.
Cortaderia selloana 'Silver Feather'   
Evergreen, clump-forming, pampas grass with striking silver variegated foliage. Bears long lasting, feathery panicles of silver plumes in late summer. Requires full sun and well drained soil. Height 7 feet, spread 6 feet.
Cortaderia selloana 'Sunningdale Silver'  award
Evergreen, clump-forming, pampas grass with long, narrow, sharp-edged leaves. Bears long lasting, feathery panicles of creamy white plumes in late summer. Requires full sun and well drained soil. Height 7 feet, spread 6 feet.
D
Deschampsia cespitosa 'Goldtau'   
A superb evergreen, tuft forming, perennial grass. Dense narrow, rough edged, rich green leaves and dainty open panicles of golden brown spikelets that last well into winter. Requires a fertile well drained soil in sun or part shade. Height 75cm, spread 25 to 30 cm
Deschampsia cespitosa 'Northern Lights'   
An attractive grass with narrow green leaves and silvery flower spikes in late May and June. Will grow in most fertile, moist but well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 2.5 feet.
Deschampsia cespitosa    
Evergreen, tuft forming, perennial grass. Fully hardy. Has dense, narrow, rough edged, dark green leaves. In summer produces dainty, open panicles of minute, pale brown spikelets that last well into winter. Height to 1 metre, spread 25-30 cm. Requires sun and shade and drained soil.
E
Elymus hispidus    
Loosley tufted perennial grass with erect, bristly silver-blue leaves and slender flower stems in early summer. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils and colours best in sun. Height 2 to 2.5 feet.
Elymus magellanicus 'Blue Sword'   
A dense, tufted, mound forming grass with bright powder blue foliage, followed by spikelets of flower in the same blue. Will grow in most moist fertile, well drained soils in sun. Height 6 to 9 inches.
Elymus magellanicus    
A dense, tufted, mound forming grass with flat, intense blue leaves. Lax flower spikes throughout the summer. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun. Height 6 to 9 inches.
F
Festuca glauca 'Azurit'   
A lovely compact, evergreen grass which forms a mound of narrow, blue leaves. Excellent container plant. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun. Height 9 inches.
Festuca glauca 'Blaufuchs'  award
A superb, dwarf, evergreen grass which forms a tight mound of blue-grey foliage. Ideal to edge borders or to use in gravelled areas. Requires a fertile, well drained soil in sun or part shade. Height 9 inches.
Festuca glauca 'Elijah Blue'   
The finest of all the blue festucas. Striking evergreen blue foliage formed in a dense mound. Silvery flowers in summer. Requires a fertile but well drained soil in a sunny, open spot. Height 9 inches.
Festuca glauca 'Golden Toupee'   
A tufted evergreen mound forming grass whose blue-green leaves are suffused with pale yellow.  Requires a fertile, well drained soil in sun. Height: 9 inches
Festuca glauca    
Evergreen tuft forming perenial grass.  Fully hardy.  Has narrow leaves in various shades of blue-green to silvery white.  Bears blue-green flower spikes in summer.  Height 15cm, spread 10cm.
G
Glyceria maxima var. variegata   
Vigorous spreading perennial grass whose long narrow green leaves are striped with cream and often tinted with pink. During summer stems of open greenish plumes are freely produced. Will grow in most fertile, moist soils in sun or part shade. Height 2.5 feet.
H
Hakonechloa macra 'Alboaurea'  award
A lovely Japanese grass whose fine arching leaves are striped with yellow. Slowly forms a dense clump. Ideal for pot culture. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 12 inches.
Hakonechloa macra 'Aureola'  award
A lovely dense, clump forming elegant grass whose narrow arching leaves are richly striped with yellow. Ideal for pot culture. Requires a fertile, moist, but well drained soil in sun or part shade. Height 12 inches.
Helictotrichon sempervirens 'Saphirsprudel'   
Evergreen, tufted, perennial grass with stiff metalic blue foliage. Produces feathery spikelets of straw coloured flower spikes in summer. Requires full sun and well drained poor soil. Height 4 feet.
Helictotrichon sempervirens   award
Evergreen, tufted, perennial grass with stiff silvery-blue leaves. Produces erect panicles of straw coloured flower spikes in summer. Requires full sun and well drained soil. Height 3 feet by 2 feet spread.
I
Imperata cylindrica 'Rubra' (Red Baron)   
A superb, perennial, Japanese grass whose new growth is an unusual red colour, looks outstanding when mixed with dwarf golden grasses. Requires a fertile, moist, but well drained soil and will not thrive in cold, waterlogged soils. Height 18 inches.
J
Juncus filiformis 'Spiralis'   
A most unusual evergreen rush whose foliage twists and curls into a tight mound. Excellent waterside plant. Will grow in most fertile, moist soils in sun or part shade. Height 1 foot.
K
Koeleria glauca   award
An uncommon dwarf, semi-evergreen grass which forms a mound of grey-green foliage, topped by cylindrical panicles of green spikelets. Requires a fertile, moist but well drained soil in sun. Height 12 inches.
L
Luzula nivea    
The snowy wood rush which forms a slowly spreading carpet with hairy, wide green leaves and dense clusters of arching white flowers in mid summer. Will grow in most fertile, moist but well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 1.5 feet.
M
Milium effusum 'Aureum'  award
A superb, elegant grass whose bright yellow foliage contrasts with most other plants. Feather flower spikes in summer add to its attraction. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun or light shade. Height 18 inches.
Miscanthus sacchariflorus    
A vigorous, deciduous grass whose stiff, upright leaves have a silvery-white spine down the centre. Spires of silvery flowers in late summer.  Will grow in most fertile, moist, but well drained soils in sun or part shade.  Height 3 to 3.5 feet.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Ferner Osten'   
Herbaceous, clump forming, perennial grass, with narrow brown-red leaves, hairy beneath.  May bear fan shaped panicles of awned, white spikelets in early autumn. Requires full sun and well drained soil. Height 1.2m, spread 45cm. 
Miscanthus sinensis 'Gold Bar'   
An upright compact grass whose green foliage is heavily banded with yellow. Feathery heads of pinky flowers in late summer. Requires a fertile, moist but well drained soil in sun. Height 1 to 1.5 feet.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus'   
Herbaceous, clump forming, perennial grass, with narrow leaves, hairy beneath often turning bronze. May bear fan shaped panicles of awned, white spikelets in early autumn.  Requires full sun and well drained soil. Height 1.2m, spread 45cm.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Kleine Fontane'  award
A deciduous, vigorous, clump forming perennial grass with narrow green foliage and tall, graceful panicles of red to silvery flower heads in late summer. Excellent flower arrangers subject. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 4 to 6 feet.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Kleine Silberspinne'  award
A deciduous, clump forming perennial grass with narrow green foliage and tall, graceful panicles of red to silvery flower heads in late summer. Excellent flower arrangers subject. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 4 to 6 feet.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Morning LIght'  award
Herbaceous, clump forming, perennial grass, whose narrow leaves have a silvery-white margin. May bear fan shaped panicles of awned, white spikelets in early autumn. Requires full sun and well drained soil.  Height 1.2m, spread 45cm. 
Miscanthus sinensis 'Red Silver'   
A lovely mound forming grass with long, narrow green leaves and masses of  red-tinted silver panicles in late summer. Will grow in most fertile, moist but well drained soils and is at it's best in sun. Height 6 feet.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Silberwolke'   
A superb, tall growing, deciduous grass whose long, slender leaves have a narrow white stripe down the centre. Spires of silvery flowers in late summer. Requires a fertile, moist but well drained soil in sun. Height 6 feet.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Strictus'  award
A vigorous upright grass whose green foliage is banded with yellow. Feathery heads of pinky flowers in late summer. Requires a fertile, moist but well drained soil in sun. Height 6 feet.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Variegatus'  award
A superb clump forming variegated grass for the back of a border or even to grow in a tub. Soft, but wirey green foliage which is striped with creamy-white. Flower spikes,  only produced in hot years, are brownish-pink. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 3 to 6 feet.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Yakushima Dwarf'   
A lovely mound forming grass with long, narrow green leaves and masses of buff-cream flower plumes in late summer. Will grow in most fertile, moist but well drained soils and is at it's best in sun.
Miscanthus sinensis 'Zebrinus'  award
A vigorous perennial grass whose green leaves are richly banded with yellow. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 3 feet.
Miscanthus x giganteus    
A robust, clump forming, perennial grass, bearing flat green leaves with silver midribs. Large silvery-brown flower heads are produced on long stems in late summmer and early autumn. Requires a fertile, moist but well-drained soil in sun. Height 5 to 7 feet, spread 4.5 feet.
Molinia caerulea 'Aureo Variegata'   
A hardy grass which is able to put up with extreme cold, dampness and acid soils. Blue-green leaves are striped with creamy-yellow. Bears dainty flower stems which last into the autumn. Will grow in most soils in sun or part shade. Height 1.5 feet
Molinia caerulea 'Karl Foerster'   
A tall grass which forms a bold perennial clump. Broad, dark green leaves and arching panicles of purple flower spikes in summer. Soft yellow autumn foliage. Will grow in most fertile well drained soils in sun. Height 5 feet.
Molinia caerulea 'Variegata'  award
A very hardy native grass which is able to put up with extreme cold, dampness and acid soils. Blue-green leaves are striped with cream. Bears dainty flower stems which last into the autumn. Will grow in most soils in sun or part shade. Height 2 feet
Molinia caerulea    
A very hardy native grass which is able to put up with extreme cold, dampness and acid soils. Blue-green leaves and dainty flower stems which last into the autumn. Will grow in most soils in sun or part shade. Height 2 feet
P
Panicum virgatum 'Heavy Metal'   
An upright, clump forming perennial grass whose metallic blue leaves turn golden yellow in the autumn. Broad, weeping panicles of elegant, purple-green seed heads in early autumn. Will grow in most fertile soils in sun or part shade. Height 3 feet.
Panicum virgatum 'Rubrum'   
An upright, clump forming perennial grass whose broad green leaves turn yellow in the autumn. Broad, weeping panicles of elegant, purple-green seed heads in early autumn. Will grow in most fertile, well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 2.5 to 3 feet.
Pennisetum alopecuroides 'Hameln'   
A superb, compact form of fountain grass with dark green wiry foliage and large catkin-like flower spikes which turn a russet-gold in the autumn. Requires a fertile, well drained soil in sun. Height 2 feet.
Pennisetum alopecuroides 'Little Bunny'   
A superb low growing elegant grass with dense, narrow, green leaves and tufted, rabbits tail-like flower heads in late summer. Will grow in most fertile, moist, but well drained soil in sun or part shade. Height 12 to 15 inches.
Pennisetum alopecuroides    
A Chinese perennial grass whose narrow green leaves have hairy tips. Purple bottle brush-like spikes are borne on arching stems in late summer. Requires a fertile, moist but well drained soil in sun. Height 2.5 to 3 feet.
Phalaris arundinacea var. picta   
Vigorous evergreen perennial grass whose broad green leaves are striped with white. Stems of narrow, tapering silvery plumes in summer. Can spread in large clumps. Will grow in most fertile, moist soils in part shade. Height 3 to 4 feet.
Spartina pectinata 'Aureomarginata'   
A lovely tall growing grass whose long, arching green leaves are edged with yellow. Excellent to give a lift to small borders. Will grow in most fertile, moist but well drained soils in sun or part shade. Height 4 to 6 feet.
Stipa gigantea   award
Elegant clump forming grass with bright green leaves and elegant heads of golden oat-like flower heads. Excellent flower arranger's plant. Will grow in most fertile, moist, but well drained soil in sun or part shade. Height in flower 5 feet.
Stipa tenuissima    
A very elegant grass with very thin, bright green leaves and tapering, shaggy seed heads. Excellent flower arranger's plant. Will grow in most fertile, moist, but well drained soil in sun or part shade. Height 1.5 to 2 feet.
Uncinia uncinata rubra   
A dense tufted, evergreen, perennial sedge.  Whose grass- like leaves are red when young aging to reddish-brown in summer. Dark brown to black flowers are borne in mid to late summer in spikes. Requires a fertile, well drained soil in sun. Height 6 to 9 inches.